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Maternal Mortality Rate Rises in US
- Updated: May 3, 2014
Recently a study was conducted by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME); it was observed in the study that the number of women who have died during parturition has increased by about 3 percent since 2003.
The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation is an independent global health research organization at the University of Washington which provides valuable information about the world’s most important health problems and evaluates the strategies required to mitigate them. The information is an eye-opener for the policymakers to make decisions regarding allocation of resources to improve upon population health.
The study was published in The Lancelet medical journal. As per the report, there are a total of 800 deaths during parturition in the US last year.
From a mortality rate of 7.2 in 100,000 births till 1987, it has increased sharply. As per CDC, the sharp rise was seen in 2009 after the pandemic of H1N1 influenza.
The report further noted that many Latin American and East Asian courtiers have shown a steep decrease in Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR).
Out of 180 countries, U.S ranks 22nd position whereas China has reached 57th rank in MMR.
The biggest increase in maternal mortality rate in any age group occurred in women of age group 20-24.
The causes for the rise in maternal mortality in US are still unclear. However, infection, obesity, diabetes etc during pregnancy, cardio vascular diseases, lack of access to prenatal care or health services, increase in caesarian section deliveries etc are various reasons that can be attributed to high maternal mortality.
According to Nicholas Kassebaum, the study author and a researcher at the University of Washington in Seattle, the reporting of maternal death has improved. He further added that, one of the underlying causes for high MMR in US is that more mothers are ill when they start their pregnancies.