News on Wellness

Lab Grown Vaginas and Nostrils Work Well

Steam cells

Scientists have successfully created and implanted nostrils and vaginas created in lab in patients. This is a breakthrough in the field of medicine according to a latest study report. Scientists say that they take the cells of a patient and create organs and other structures. For instance, blood vessels, wind pipes, bladders, valves etc. have already been created. According to scientists, main aim of the project is to create organs so that the body is devoid of rejection problem.
Steam cells
Experiments were conducted in the University Hospital Basel and the lead Ivan Martin stated that it is a very difficult process to create a functional tissue. Dr Martin Brichall of the Ear Institute of University College London and the co-author of the study was of the same opinion. He further added that when it comes to engineering an organ, it is complicated. However simple methods could be used for creating laboratory body parts like oesophagus, joint cartilages and even bowels.

The publishing quoted another recent experiment in which 4 Mexican teenage girls born without vaginas, where transplanted with laboratory created by vaginas using their own cells. Dr Anthony Atala reported the results of this experiment from the Metropolitan Autonomous University in Mexico. He added that the same procedure can be used for replacing the vaginas of women for whom they were removed due to cancer or repaired or damaged.

The researchers reported that samples issues which were about 50% size of a postage stamp were taken from the genitals of the patients. They were then multiplied in the lab and then seeded it on to a scaffold. It was then moulded into the right shape and size to be implanted into the patients. Out of these 4 patients, the 1st implant was performed in the year 2005. The patient was followed up 7 years and reported to have no long-term complications and normal sex life.

Similarly, scientists in Switzerland have built nostrils for 5 patients who have lost their nose due to skin cancer. The nose cartilage was taken and the cells were grown in the lab for 4 weeks to get a small flap which was then implanted into the nose. Dr Martin reported that none of these patients faced any side effects even yearlong after the surgery. He added that, as this technique is successful and safe it can be now improvised and used for complicated organ transplantations.

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